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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl4037\margr2065\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn4037\margrsxn2065\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1602 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex56\expndtw-4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 <58{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\charscalex94\expndtw0 ITS HISTORICAL VALUE}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li18\fi0\ri0\sb220\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 been placed about 1000 B.C.\super 1\nosupersub    For the \i Satapatha Brah-mana \i0 is familiar with the heroes of the epic, and it men\-\expndtw10 tions Janamejaya as almost a recent personage.   It is \expndtw8 also known that the Kurus were a great people during \expndtw14 the later Vedic period, although the Pandus  do not \expndtw7 at all figure either in the \i 'Brahmanas \i0 or in the \i Sutras* \i0\expndtw12 They first emerge into view with the later  Buddhist \expndtw8 literature as a mountain tribe.   Does this show, as has \expndtw9 sometimes  been conjectured, that they  were  foreign \expndtw8 immigrants,  unrelated  to  the  Kurus?   At  any  rate, \expndtw11 the theory is supported to some extent by their rude, \expndtw4 uncourtly manners; practice of polyandry; and the name \expndtw8 "Pandu," meaning "pale," which may perhaps indicate their Mongolian affinities.   If the suggestion has  any \expndtw4 substance, the present text of the \i Mahabbarata \i0 gives an \expndtw12 altogether garbled version of the actual origins  and \expndtw3 relations   of  the   chief   combatants.   Similarly,   it   is \expndtw9 difficult to accept its testimony regarding their allies. \expndtw13 For instance, we learn that the Kuru hosts  included \expndtw11 the rulers of Pragjyotisa (Assam), Avanti and Daksi-\expndtw3 napatha,   the   Gnas,   Kiratas,    Karnbojas,     Yavanas, \expndtw4 Sakas, Madras, Kaikeyas, Sindhus, Sauviras etc.\super 2\nosupersub  Apart \expndtw6 from the fact that they were not all   contemporaneous, \expndtw5 it   is   doubtful   whether   these distant  powers    were \expndtw12 interested in what was perhaps a local conflagration \expndtw9 in Madhyadega.   And surely they could not be called \expndtw7 to arms as feudatories, for the nearness of the Kaurava \expndtw10 and Pandava capitals itself shows that they did     not \expndtw7 hold an extensive sway.   In short, there are undoubted \expndtw3 deviations from historical accuracy in the \i Mahabbarata, \i0\expndtw11 but the central theme is authentic, and its characters,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li144\fi0\ri346\sb335\sa0\sl-158\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 \'ab\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0  \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'ab\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 r ^5 ?\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'b0\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0  ?"*\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0  \i\super Hht\nosupersub ' \super lnd\nosupersub '> \i0\super VoL\nosupersub  \super J\nosupersub > PP- \super 2\nosupersub 7\super 6\nosupersub > 30^-07. Another \expndtw4 suggested date for the Mahabharata war is 1400 B.C. \i (Hindu CM-\expndtw13 ***** \i0 PP. iu-^: p\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'ab\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ,. JW. H/x/. Cfl^., \sub 3\nosupersub td. session, Calcutta,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2074\fi0\ri0\sb234\sa0\sl-187\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 Pandus were the kings of "" ~  \i """    """   \i0 '"     *\super V \nosupersub\expndtw11 Matsya and the Yadus.}\par }